How to Plan and Build Your Chicken Coop in 6 Do It Yourself Steps

chicken coop flock of chicken on green grass field during daytime

As a sustainable homesteader, it’s important to ensure that your chickens have a comfortable and safe environment to live in. Building a chicken coop can be a daunting task, but with the right materials and techniques, you can create a DIY hoop house that is both functional and sustainable.

In this article, we’ll provide a step-by-step guide on how to build a hoop house for your chicken coop.

chicken coop flock of chickens

Materials Needed To build a hoop house for your chicken coop, you’ll need the following materials:

  • PVC pipes
  • Zip ties
  • Greenhouse plastic
  • Scissors
  • Hammer
  • Nails
  • Staple gun
  • Wire cutters

Building the Frame

The first step in building your hoop house is to create the frame. Cut your PVC pipes into equal lengths, and then use zip ties to connect them into a hoop shape. Once you have all of your hoops, place them in the desired location and secure them to the ground using nails and a hammer.

Covering the Hoop House

Next, you’ll need to cover the hoop house with greenhouse plastic. Cut the plastic to size, leaving enough excess on each end to secure it to the ground. Use a staple gun to attach the plastic to the hoops, being sure to pull it taut to prevent sagging.

Adding Ventilation

Proper ventilation is crucial to ensure that your chickens stay healthy. Cut a small hole in each end of the hoop house, and cover them with wire mesh to prevent predators from entering. This will allow for air flow and will help regulate the temperature inside the coop.

Building the Chicken Coop

Now that you have the frame and cover of your hoop house, it’s time to build the chicken coop itself. You can use wooden pallets or other recycled materials to create a raised platform for your chickens to roost on. Be sure to include nesting boxes and a ramp for easy access.

Maintenance and Care

To ensure that your chicken coop remains sustainable and functional, regular maintenance is necessary. Clean the coop regularly, and check for any damages or wear and tear on the hoop house cover. Additionally, provide your chickens with fresh food and water daily, and consider adding natural supplements such as herbs or garlic to their diet.

chicken coop brown hen in tilt shift lens

We’ll walk you through the steps of planning and building your own chicken coop. From choosing the right location to selecting the right materials and design, we’ve got you covered. And with a focus on sustainability, we’ll help you build a coop that’s not only functional but also eco-friendly.

Location, Location, Location

The first step in building a chicken coop is choosing the right location. This is crucial for the health and safety of your birds, as well as for your own convenience. Here are a few things to consider:

Access to Sunlight

Chickens need access to sunlight in order to lay eggs and stay healthy. Make sure your coop is located in a spot that gets plenty of direct sunlight throughout the day.

Protection from Predators

Chickens are vulnerable to predators like foxes, raccoons, and hawks. Make sure your coop is located in an area that’s protected from these predators, whether that’s through fencing, netting, or other measures.

Proximity to Your House

You’ll be visiting your chickens every day to collect eggs and provide food and water. Make sure your coop is located in a spot that’s convenient for you to access.

Designing Your Chicken Coop

Once you’ve chosen the right location, it’s time to start designing your coop. There are a few things to keep in mind when designing your coop:

Chicken Coop Size

The size of your coop will depend on how many chickens you plan to keep. As a general rule, each chicken needs at least 4 square feet of space inside the coop and at least 10 square feet of space outside in a run.


Good ventilation is essential for the health of your birds. Make sure your coop has plenty of windows or vents to allow for fresh air to circulate.

Nesting Boxes

Chickens need a safe, comfortable place to lay their eggs. Make sure your coop has plenty of nesting boxes, with at least one box for every four chickens.


Chickens like to roost at night, so make sure your coop has plenty of roosting space. Each chicken needs at least 8 inches of roosting space.


The flooring of your coop should be easy to clean and disinfect. Many homesteaders choose to use a deep litter system, which involves adding fresh bedding material (like straw or wood chips) on top of the old material.

Building Materials

When it comes to building your chicken coop, there are a few different materials you can use. Here are some of the most common:


Wood is a popular choice for chicken coops because it’s easy to work with and relatively inexpensive. However, it does require regular maintenance to prevent rot and decay.


PVC is a durable and low-maintenance material that’s resistant to moisture and insects. It’s also lightweight and easy to work with.


Metal is another durable and low-maintenance material that’s resistant to moisture and insects. However, it can get very hot in the summer, so make sure your coop is well-ventilated if you choose to use metal.

Building Your Chicken Coop: Step by Step

Now that you have a better understanding of the key factors to consider when planning and designing your chicken coop, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of building one.

Step 1: Gather Your Materials

Before you start building your chicken coop, you’ll need to gather all of the materials you’ll need. This will depend on the size and design of your coop, but here are some common materials you may need:

  • Wood (2x4s, plywood, etc.)
  • Hardware (screws, nails, hinges, etc.)
  • Chicken wire or netting
  • Nesting boxes
  • Roosting bars
  • Ventilation materials (windows, vents, etc.)
  • Insulation (optional)

Step 2: Build the Foundation

Once you have all of your materials, you can start building the foundation of your coop. This will typically involve constructing a base out of wood or concrete blocks, and then building the walls up from there.

Step 3: Install Ventilation

Next, you’ll want to install ventilation to ensure that your chickens have fresh air and to prevent moisture buildup. This can be achieved through windows, vents, or a combination of both.

Step 4: Add Nesting Boxes and Roosting Bars

Once your walls and ventilation are in place, you can add your nesting boxes and roosting bars. Nesting boxes should be installed low to the ground and should be large enough for your chickens to comfortably lay their eggs. Roosting bars should be placed higher up, with at least 8 inches of space per chicken.

Step 5: Install Chicken Wire or Netting

To keep your chickens safe from predators, you’ll need to install chicken wire or netting around the perimeter of your coop. Make sure it’s secured tightly to the walls and that there are no gaps where predators can sneak in.

Step 6: Add Bedding Material

Finally, you can add bedding material to the floor of your coop. A deep litter system is a popular option for sustainable homesteaders, as it involves layering fresh bedding material (like straw or wood chips) on top of old material. This creates a natural composting process that can help improve soil health in your garden.

Maintaining Your Chicken Coop

Once your chicken coop is built, it’s important to maintain it properly to ensure the health and safety of your birds. Here are some tips for keeping your coop in top shape:

  • Clean your coop regularly. This will help prevent the buildup of bacteria and parasites that can make your chickens sick.
  • Check for signs of wear and tear. Make sure to inspect your coop regularly for any damage, such as holes in the chicken wire or rotting wood.
  • Provide fresh food and water daily. Your chickens will need access to fresh food and water every day to stay healthy.
  • Collect eggs daily. Collecting eggs regularly will help prevent them from getting dirty or broken.

Building a sustainable chicken coop is an important part of creating a self-sufficient homestead. By choosing the right location, design, and materials, and by maintaining your coop properly, you can provide a safe and healthy home for your chickens while also benefiting from fresh eggs and improved soil health.



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